New Vocabularies: Entertain, Recite, Creature, Adorable, Paws, Puzzled, Emperor, Nearby, Reward, Refer.

Read the following conversation. In pairs or groups identify 5 statements and 5 questions. Then, write the structures and discuss the differences between the two types of sentences.

নিচের কথোপকথনটি (Conversation) পড়ো। জোড়ায় অথবা দলে ৫টি বর্ণনামূলক (Statement) ও ৫টি প্রশ্নবোধক (Question) বাক্য চিহ্নিত করো। তারপর বাক্যের গঠনগুলো লেখ ও দুই ধরনের বাক্যের পার্থক্য আলোচনা করো। ASK AND ANSWER

ASK AND ANSWER (Monir’s uncle is coming from America. The conversation is about what they will do to welcome and entertain him)


Monir: Mom, I’m so happy!

Mom: Oh dear! I’m too.

Munia: When will Rumi uncle arrive?

Mom: He will arrive next Wednesday.

Munia: Who will receive him at the airport?

Mom: Do you want to go to the airport?

Monir: Yes, of course, mom.

Mom: Then, you and your father will receive him at the airport.

Munia: Do you have any exams this week, bhaiya?

Monir: No, I don’t. But, we don’t have much time.

Dady: Exactly, we all need to start working from today.

Mom: That’s what I’m also thinking.

Munia: Mom, I will help you in serving the food.

Monir: I can help with cooking. Also, I will prepare a dish.

Munia: Is it your favourite egg pudding?

Monir: That’s what I’m thinking about.

Mom: Sure, everyone will be glad.

Monir: Then, I need some eggs and milk for that. Who will buy them?

Dady: I will. I will also help you with cleaning dishes.

Mom: Thank you, everyone. Everything is set, now. So, let’s get started.


Question/Interrogative sentence:

An interrogative sentence is used to ask a question. When we need to know something, we use interrogative sentences. There are two types of questions: wh- questions and verbal questions. ASK AND ANSWER

In an interrogative sentence, the position of the auxiliary verb is always before the subject. A. Wh question- Example: Where do you live? Structure: Wh-word (Where) + Auxiliary verb (do) + Subject (you)+ Main verb (live) + Question mark (?)

B. Verbal question (yes/no question)- Example: Do you like plants? Structure: Auxiliary verb (Do) + Subject(you) + Main verb(like) + plants Question mark(?) ASK AND ANSWER

Statement/ Assertive sentence:

An assertive sentence is used to state facts, history, incidents, opinions, events, feelings, beliefs, etc. This sentence usually ends with a full stop. Example: She writes a diary.

Structure: Subject (she) + Verb (writes) + Object (a diary)+. (full stop)

Interrogative Sentence ব্যবহৃত হয় প্রশ্ন জিজ্ঞাসা করার জন্য। যখন কোন কিছু জানার প্রয়োজন হয়, তখন আমরা Interrogative Sentence ব্যবহার করি। Interrogative Sentence দুই ধরনের। একটি ধরন হচ্ছে i) Wh- Question, আরেকটি ধরন হচ্ছে ii) Verbal Questions বা সাহায্যকারী verb দিয়ে তৈরি Questions. Interrogative বাক্যে সাহায্যকারী verb টি সব সময় Subject এর পূর্বে বসবে। বিবৃতি/বিবৃতিমূলক বাক্য :

বিবৃতিমূলক বাক্য সাধারণত কোন সাধারণ সত্য, ইতিহাস বর্ণনা, ঐতিহাসিক ঘটনা বর্ণনা, মতামত, কোন ঘটনা, অনুভূতি ও বিশ্বাস প্রকাশের জন্য ব্যবহৃত হয়। ASK AND ANSWER


Question- When will Rumi uncle arrive?
Structure- When + auxiliary verb (will) + subject (Rumi uncle) + verb (arrive) + ? (Question mark)

Statement- He will arrive next Wednesday.
Structure- Subject (He) + will arrive (verb) + next Wednesday + . (full stop )

In pairs /groups read the short story “Count Wisely”. Then, match the words given in column A with their meanings in column B.

জোড়ায়/দলে ‘Count Wisely’ ছোট গল্পটি পড়ো। তার Column A এর শব্দের অর্থ Column B এর শব্দের অর্থ মিলা ও । ASK AND ANSWER


One day, Emperor Akbar asked the question “How many crows are there in the city?” in his court. Everyone in the courtroom became puzzled. They all tried to figure out the answer but couldn’t. They were asking each other, “How can we count? Is it possible to count all the crows of a city?”. At that time, Birbal, an advisor of the emperor, walked in. He asked, “What is the matter?” They repeated the question to him. ASK AND ANSWER

Birbal immediately smiled and went up to Akbar. He told the emperor, “Maharaj, I know the answer. Can I tell?” Then, he announced the answer. He said that there were twenty-one thousand, five hundred, and twenty-three crows in the city. Emperor Akbar asked, “How did you count the number of the crow?” Birbal replied, “Ask your men to count the number of crows. If there are more, then the relatives of the crows must be visiting them from nearby cities. If there are fewer, then the crows from our city must be visiting their relatives who live outside the city.”

The emperor smiled. He was pleased with the answer. As a reward, Akbar gave Birbal a ruby and pearl chain. ASK AND ANSWER

Column A (Words/Phrases)Column B (Meanings)
1. PuzzledKing
2. Figure outTell people about something officially
3. AdvisorCalculate the total number
4. EmperorUnable to understand, so becomes confused
5. ImmediatelyPersons who are part of family
6. AnnouncedAt once
7. CountUnderstand
8. RelativesA person who gives advice

Now, in pairs/groups read the underlined sentences of the story “Count wisely”, and categorise them in the following two columns. Then discuss the purposes of the sentences. One is done for you. ASK AND ANSWER

এখন জোড়ায়/দলে ‘Count Wisely’ গল্পের Underlined (নিচে দাগ দেয়া) বাক্যগুলো পড়ো এবং নিচের দুটি কলামে ভাগ (Categories) করো। তারপর বাক্যগুলোর উদ্দেশ্য আলোচনা করো। একটি তোমার জন্য করে দেয়া আছে।

To categorise the sentences, identify the position of the auxiliary verbs and the punctuation marks (i.e., full stop & question mark).

বাক্যগুলো ভাগ করার সময় তাদের মধ্যে সাহায্যকারী Verb এর অবস্থান এবং যতিচিহ্নের (যেমন Full Stop, Question Mark) অবস্থান চিহ্নিত করো। ASK AND ANSWER

Assertive sentence PurposeInterrogative sentencePurpose
1. Everyone in the
courtroom became
States the
situation of
the courtroom
1. “How many
crows are there in
the city?”
The Emperor
asked the
question to
know the
number of
birds in the city.

Read the following note and match the sentences given in column A with the negative sentences in column B. One is done for you.

নিচের Note টি পড়ো। Column A (সারণি A) এর সাথে Column B (সারণি B) এর না বোধক বাক্যটি মিলাও।

Note: Let’s know about another two types of sentences!
Affirmative sentence: An affirmative sentence refers to something positive and it does not contain any negative words. Example: I can recite poems.
Negative sentence: A negative sentence refers to something negative. Usually we use a negative sentence to deny and to disagree with something. A negative sentence contains no, not, never. Example: I cannot swim.

Note: চলো আরও দুই ধরনের বাক্য সম্পর্কে জানি।

1. Affirmative Sentence (হ্যা বোধক বাক্য): Affirmative Sentence বলতে হ্যা-বোধক বাক্যকে বুঝায় এবং এসব বাক্যে না-বোধক কোন শব্দ থাকে না। উদাহরণ: I can recite a poem

2. Negative Sentence (না-বোধক): Negative Sentence বলতে সাধারণত না-বোধক বাক্যকে বোঝায়। সাধারণত কোন কিছুকে অস্বীকার করা বা কোন কিছুর প্রতি Disagree (ভিন্ন মত) প্রকাশ করার জন্য Negative Sentence ব্যবহৃত হয়। Negative Sentence এ no, not, never ইত্যাদি না-সূচক শব্দ থাকে। যেমন- I cannot swim. I do not like to go.

Column-AColumn- B
1. Pets are adorable creatures.He doesn’t become a part of my family.
2. I have a puppy.He is not cute and loyal.
3. He has soft paws.He doesn’t love to sleep next to me.
4. He is cute and loyal.Pets aren’t adorable creatures.
5. We call it “Bagha” by name.Also, he is not at all popular among my friends.
6. He loves to sleep next to me.He doesn’t have soft paws.
7. He becomes a part of my family.a. I don’t have a puppy.
8. He is also very popular among my friends.b. We don’t call him “Bagha” by name.

Now, in pairs/groups, read the following text. Then, fill in the blanks with different types of sentences (Assertive, Interrogative, Assertive- Affirmative/Negative, or Interrogative-Affirmative/Negative) to make the passage meaningful.

জোড়ায়/দলে নিচের Text টি পড়ো। তারপর অনুচ্ছেদটিকে অর্থবহ করার জন্য বিভিন্ন প্রকারের বাক্য (Assertive … Affirmative/Negative) দিয়ে নিচের শূন্যস্থানগুলো পূরণ করো।

Hello! I’m Rakib Hasan.

Usually, I get up early in the morning but today 1)……………………

I love my school so I 2)………………………………….Today, my teacher asked me, 3) “…………………..?” I replied that I love mangoes.

In English class, my best friend wanted to borrow my pen. I told him that sorry 4) …………..because I only have one.

Today I joined the recitation club, not the singing club. Because I love recitation but 5)……. Before ringing the bell, my teacher asked 6) “……………..?” I replied that I had put everything in my bag.

Interview your friend/teacher/relatives/neighbor to know more about their favourite pastime. Then, present your findings in a paragraph in the class. You can ask the following questions or you can ask any question you like.

তোমার বন্ধু/শিক্ষক/আত্মীয়/প্রতিবেশী সম্পর্কে আরো বেশী জানার জন্য তাদের সাক্ষাৎকার নাও। তারপর তোমার প্রাপ্ত ফলাফল একটি Paragraph এর মাধ্যমে শ্রেণিতে উপস্থাপন করো নিচের প্রশ্ন অথবা যে কোন প্রশ্ন তুমি জিজ্ঞাসা করতে পারো।

Interview Questions

1. May I know your name, please?

2. What do you do?

3. Where do you live?

4. How much free time do you usually have?

5. What do you like to do with your free time?

6. Why do you like it?

7. Do you spend money on it?

8. Do you need any help doing it? If yes, who does help you?

9. Is it environmentally friendly?

10. Do your family members like it?

11. Who inspires you to do the work?

12. Is it important for you to have a hobby? If yes, why?

One thought on “ASK AND ANSWER

  1. Sentence Structure

    1.Is it possible to count all crows of the city?

    2.What is the matter?

    3.How can we count?

    4.How can l tell?

    5.How did you know the number of crows?

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