New Vocabularies: Dip, Confused, Gather, Scream, Emphasis, Intonation.

THE MISSING TENTH MAN Read the story. Then, discuss the answer to the following question in pairs/groups.


One day, a group of ten men went to a river to take a dip. They held their hands to each other while taking the dip. But they somehow forgot to hold hands while coming out of the water.

After returning to the shore, Rothin Babu, one of the senior men asked, “Have we all crossed the river safely?” All the men in the group started looking at each other. They were confused.

Then the senior man asked everyone to lift their hand up to take a count. He started counting each person and the count stopped at nine. Thinking that one man was missing all the men started screaming. They even started looking for the missing tenth man.

That went on with each person counting men up to nine and missing the tenth man. Seeing this, a cap seller told, “I can help you”. He gave a cap to each man and asked them to wear it. The men were confused as to what was happening.

The seller asked the senior man to gather all the caps, including his own, and count them all. Everyone was happy to see ten caps, that means no one was missing after all. The silly men thanked the seller for his help to find their missing member and believed it to be magic!

Question: What has really happened? Why did the result come to nine when they counted each of them? THE MISSING TENTH MAN

In pairs/groups, discuss the uses of capital letters in the box below.

Uses of capital letters
The first letter in a sentence:
Where is my new pen?
The first letter of direct
“Time is money”
Benjamin Franklin
The first letter of the name of people, places
& things:
Runu is going to visit her friend, Tania in
I when it is about you:
I like music.
The first letter of the name of days, months, THE MISSING TENTH MAN
and holidays:
26 March is our Independence Day.
The first letter of the titles
of people:
Dr. Sarwar is my uncle.

In pairs/groups, read the story again and discuss why the bold letters of the following sentences are in capitals:

জোড়ায়/দলে গল্পটি আরো একবার পড়ো এবং নিচের বাক্যগুলোতে Bold Letter গুলো কেন Capital Word তা আলোচনা করো।

The sentencesReason
1. They hold their hands to each other while
taking the dip.
2. One day, a group of ten men go to the Ganges to take a dip…2.
3. After returning to the shore, Mr. Rothin, one of the senior men, asks…3.
4. “I can help you”4.

Read the following pairs of sentences in the bubbles. Then, in pairs or groups discuss the meaning of each sentence and share why the meaning of the sentences are different. THE MISSING TENTH MAN

Bubble এর মধ্যে দুই জোড়া বাক্য পড়ো। তারপর জোড়া অথবা দলে প্রত্যেকটি বাক্যের অর্থ আলোচনা করো। এবং কেন বাক্য দুটির অর্থ আলাদা তা নিজেদের মধ্যে Share করো।

English In pairs/groups read the note given below. Discuss the following punctuation marks and draw the appropriate punctuation marks next to the names.

জোড়ায়/দলে নিচে উল্লিখিত নোটটি পড়ো। নিচের যতিচিহ্নগুলো আলোচনা করো এবং পরের পৃষ্ঠায় নামের পাশে সঠিক যতিচিহ্নটি লেখ।

Note: Punctuation marks are the symbols that we use in written sentences to make their meanings easy and clear. Punctuation marks also show how the sentence should be read. Some of the very common punctuation marks are- Full Stop / Period (.), Comma (,), Question Mark (?), Exclamation Mark (!), Quotation Marks / Speech Marks (” “)

Note: Punctuation Marks (যতি চিহ্ন) ব্যবহৃত হয় লিখিত বাক্যকে যাতে সহজে এবং পরিস্কারভাবে বোঝা যায়। কিভাবে বাক্যকে পড়তে হয় তা যতি চিহ্নের মাধ্যমে শেখা যায়। KROK RO Punctuation Marks G: Full stop/ Period (.),Comma (,), Question Mark (?), Exclamation Mark (!), Quotation Marks / Speech Marks (” “)|

NamesPunctuation marks
1. Full stop/Period
2. Question Mark
3. Exclamation Mark
4. Dash
5. Comma
6. Quotation Mark
7. Colon
8. Slash
9. Semicolon
10. Round Bracket

Read the following note on the use of punctuation marks.

The use of Punctuation marks: (যতিচিহ্নের ব্যবহার) :

1. The Full Stop/Period:

A Full Stop (.) is used -O 2?:

■ at the end of a sentence. (A) Example- They are my neighbours.

■ to shorten a word. (*) Example- Oct. – October

■ to initiate letters (বড় কোন শব্দকে সংক্ষেপে বোঝানোর জন্য)- U.K. – United Kingdom, M.P. – Member of Parliament

2. Question Mark (?):

A question mark is used-(প্রশ্নবোধক চিহ্ন ব্যবহৃত হয়)

■ at the end of a question sentence. (প্রশ্নবোধক বাক্যের শেষে Example- Have you taken breakfast?

3. Exclamation Mark (!):

■ An exclamation mark is used (বিস্ময়সূচক চিহ্ন ব্যবহৃত হয়):

■ at the end of a sentence or a short phrase that expresses a very deep or sudden emotion or feeling. (গভীর আবেগ ও বিস্ময় বোঝানোর জন্য অথবা হঠাৎ QIKS 6 aqyo 27A) For example- Wow! What a beautiful picture it is.

■ to show emphasis. (হঠাৎ কোন বিষয়ে জোর দেয়ার জন্য) For example- Stop ! Watch out for the speeding cars!

4. Comma (,):

A comma is used-(কমা ব্যবহৃত হয়)

■ to give a little pause ( 231 ): Example- Please, open the window.

■ to separate items in a list (একটি তালিকার ভিতরের একই ধরনের বস্তুকে IN PAK GA): For example: Yesterday I bought a book, a pen, a ruler, and a school bag.

5. Quotation mark (“”):

■ Quotation marks are written as a pair of opening and closing marks in two styles (Quotation Marks লিখা হয় জোড়ায় জোড়ায়। Quotation Marks দুই ধরনের। একক Quotation Marks, এবং Double Quotation Marks):

■ single (…): Single quotation marks are used within a double one to indicate a quotation within a quotation. (Single Quotation Mark A হয়, Double Quotation এর ভিতরে নির্দিষ্ট করে কোন কিছুকে বুঝাতে): Tarin said that the teacher said, “We will discuss ‘Punctuation marks’ tomorrow.

■ double (“…”): A double quotation mark is used to quote someone directly (Double Quotation ব্যবহৃত হয় কোন ব্যক্তির বক্তব্যকে সরাসরি প্রকাশ করার ): For example- Mother said, “Don’t receive an unknown call.

Rearrange the words to make a meaningful sentence. Then use the appropriate punctuation marks and capital letters where required.

অর্থবোধক বাক্য তৈরি করার জন্য নিচের শব্দগুলো সাজিয়ে লেখ। প্রয়োজন অনুযায়ী সঠিক যতিচিহ্ন এবং Capital Word ব্যবহার কর।

a. garden is beautiful this a tea

b. friend dear hello

c. you what doing are here

d. rana my is dr neighbour

e. bought a funny interesting a and colourful book

Read the following story and fill in the gaps using capital letters or punctuation marks. Then, tell the story to the class using proper intonation.

নিচের গল্পটি পড় এবং প্রয়োজন অনুযায়ী Capital Letter ও সঠিক যতিচিহ্ন বসিয়ে শূন্যস্থান পূরণ করো। তারপর সঠিক Intonation ব্যবহার করে শ্রেণিতে গল্পটি বলো।

1)____once in a village, there lived a wise man. People from nearby villages have been coming to the wise man 2)____ and complaining about the same problems every time 3) ________One day he told the villagers, 4)._____ “Dear friends, listen to a joke.” Hearing the joke the villagers roared in laughter. After a couple of minutes 5) __________he told them the same joke and only a few of them smiled. 6) _________when he told the same joke for the third time no one laughed anymore. 7)_______ the wise man smiled and said 8)______ “You can’t laugh at the same joke over and over 9)______ So why are you always crying about the same problem 10)________”

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