EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2; My dear students of class six, hope you are keeping well. Today I’m going to discuss about UNIT EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2. So, let’s have it-

18.1 Look at the illustrations of the festivals usually celebrated in Bangladesh. Now, in pairs/groups, match the names of the festivals given below with the pictures. Then, discuss the following questions in pairs.

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2 বাংলাদেশে সাধারণভাবে উদযাপিত নিচের উৎসবসমূহের ছবিগুলো দেখ। এখন জোড়ায়/দলে উৎসবের নামগুলোর সাথে ছবিগুলো মিলাও। তারপর জোড়ায় নিচের প্রশ্নগুলো আলোচনা করো।

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS
FOUR FRIENDS

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS
FOUR FRIENDS
FOUR FRIENDS

Mother Language Day

Questions:

1. Which of these festivals do you celebrate?

2. What do you know about these festivals?

3. What do you love about these festivals?

4. Do you have any good memories of any of these festivals?

SOLUTION

Discussion in Pairs

Myself : Abdullah, do you celebrate any of these festivals?

Abdullah: Yes, I’m a Muslim. So, I celebrate two Eids in a year. Besides. I also celebrate International Mother Language Day and Independence Day.

Myself : So, you celebrate three of them. Could you please tell me about Prabarona Purnima?

Abdullah : Sorry, I don’t know anything about it. But I can tell you about Christmas and Durga Puja. Christmas is a festival of Christians. They celebrate it on 25th December. And Durga Puja is the biggest festival for the Hindus.

Myself : Yes. I know about Pahela Boishakh and Holi. Pahela Boishakh is the first day of Bangla year and people celebrate it through huge procession and eating Panta-Ilish.

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2 EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2

Abdullah : And Holi is a day when the Hindus play, throw, and have fun with colours. By the way, what do you love about these festivals?

Myself : Well, these festivals make our life happy. We can enjoy a lot and meet different friends. We also eat special delicious food on these days.

Abdullah : Not only that, these festivals increase brotherhood among people and make us a distinct nation. Do you have any good memories of any of these festivals?

Myself : Yes, of course. I have. Three years back my father bought me blue pajamas, blue panjabi and a pair of blue shoes. I was so happy for that the following day would be Eid day.

18.2 Bangladesh is a country of festivals. Throughout the year, we celebrate different types of festivals such as religious, national and cultural. Now, in pairs/groups complete the following table and share with the class.

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2 বাংলাদেশ উৎসবের দেশ। সারা বছর জুড়ে আমরা বিভিন্ন উৎসব পালন করি যেমন ধৰ্মীয়, জাতীয় ও সাংস্কৃতিক উৎসব। এখন জোড়ায়/দলে নিচের সারণিটি সম্পূর্ণ করো এবং শ্রেণিতে তা উপস্থাপন করো।

The festivals we celebrate

What is the name of the festival?When do you observe it?What kind of dress do you wear?What are the foods you eat?Where
do you visit?
What fun activities do you do?

SOLUTION

What is the name of the festival?When do you observe it?What kind of dress do you wear?What are the foods you eat?Where
do you visit?
What fun activities do you do?
Eid ul-FitrWe the Muslims observe it after a month of Ramadan.I wear pajama and Punjabi.We eat semai and sweets.I go to visit national zoo.I play cricket and spend time with my friends.
Pahela BoishakhIt is observed on the first day of Bangla new year.I usually wear white Punjabi with traditional design.I eat panta Ilish with onion and chili.I go to Ramna Batamul.I spend time with friends, go to fair and take part in Mangal sovajatra.
Victory DayOn 16 December, we observe our Victory Day.We normally wear colorful dress.On the occasion, we generally take good food.We go National Mausoleum at Saver.We go to fair and shishu Park.
Independence DayWe observe the Day on 26 March.I usually wear white or green Punjabi.On the occasion, I usually eat delicious and special dishes.I pay a visit to National Mausoleum at savar to pay respect to the martyrs.Pay visit to museum to know about our Independence history.

18.3 In pairs/groups, read the names of the festivals in the box below and then categorise them in the right columns in terms of their types. Now, write 2-3 differences among these festivals. One is done for you.

জোড়ায়/ দলে নিচের Box এর উৎসবের নামগুলো পড়ো। ডান কলামে তাদের ধরন অনুযায়ী তাদেরকে ভাগ করো। এখন এই উৎসবগুলোর মধ্যে ২-৩ টি পার্থক্য লেখ। একটি উদাহরণ হিসেবে তোমাদের জন্য করে দেয়া আছে।

Eid-al-Fitr, Durga Puja, Christmas, Prabarona Purnima, Pahela Boishakh, Mother Language Day, Diwali, Independence Day, Easter Sunday, Victory Day, Nabanno, Eid-al-Azha.

Types of festivalsName of the festivals
1. Religious

1. Eid-al-Fitr
2.
3…………..
2. Cultural

1.
2.
3…………..
3. National

1.
2.
3…………..

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2 EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2

Differences among these festivals:

1. Religious festivals are celebrated mainly by people from different religions. For example, the Muslims celebrate Eid, the Hindus celebrate Durga puja etc. But, cultural and national festivals are celebrated by the people of all religions. EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2

2………………………………..

3………………………………………..

SOLUTION

Types of festivalsName of the festivals
1. Religious

1. Eid-al-Fitr
2. Eid-ul-Azha
3. Chrismas
4. Durga puja
5. Prabarona purnima
6. Easter sunday
7. Diwali
2. Cultural

1. Pahela Boishakh
2. Nobanno
3. National

1. Mother Language Day
2. Independence
3. Victory Day

Differences among these festivals:

  • Religious festivals are celebrated mainly by people from different religions. For example, the Muslims celebrate Eid, Hindus celebrate puja. But cultural and national festivals are celebrated by people of all religions
  • Cultural Festivals are celebrated with the participation of people irrespective of cast, creed and religions. Actually, people of all walks of life participate in such festivals. For instance, Pahela Boishakh and Nabanno are celebrate by people of all strata across the country.
  • National festivals, very often, have political backgrounds. Being imbued with patriotic zeal, people celebrate these festivals to commemorate the sacrifice of the valiant sons of the soil. For example, people of all class and age go to Shahid Minar on 21 February to pay homage to the Language Martyrs. Besides, on 16 December, people of all category go to National Mausoleum to celebrate the day. The whole country takes a festive look on occasion.

18.4 Read the story ‘Four Friends” in pairs/groups.

TRY YOURSELF

18.5 Now in groups/pairs find out the meanings of the following words. Also, write a sentence of your own with these words. If necessary, take the help of a dictionary or your teacher. Then, share the table with the class. One is done for you.

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2 দলে/জোড়ায় নিচের শব্দুলোর অর্থ খুঁজে বের করো। তাছাড়াও শব্দগুলো দিয়ে নিজে একটি বাক্য তৈরী করো। প্রয়োজনে অভিধান অথবা তোমার শিক্ষকের সাহায্য নাও। তারপর শ্রেণিতে সারণিটি Share করো। একটি তোমার জন্য করে দেয়া আছে।

Words/PhrasesMeaningYour sentence
Hug
Bend down
Wrapped
Explode
Gigglekeep laughing in a childlike wayWho is giggling there?
Nodded
Delight
Temple
Gazed at
Beard
Swaying
Sack

SOLUTION

Words/PhrasesMeaningYour sentence
Hughold someone firmly with care and loveThe two brothers hugged each other on Eid day.
Bend downto cause to change shape for any particular purposeHe bent down to take his pen.
Wrappedto get enclosed or covered with somethingShe got some wrapped presents from her friends.
Explodecause to destroy with explosionThe bomb exploded and killed many people.
Gigglekeep laughing in a childlike wayWho is giggling there?
Noddedto signify by a nodThe boy nodded in response to my question.
Delightgive someone great pleasure, satisfaction or happinessYou will get much delight if you watch the program on TV.
Templea building used for the worship or a god or godsThe Hindus worship in temples.
Gazed atlooked at something or somebody for a long timeHe gazed at her being impressed.
Bearda growth of hair on the chin and lower cheeks of a men’s faceMy father always kept beard.
Swayingmoving slowly or rhythmically backwards for and forwards or from side to sideShe was swaying her hair while walking on the road.
Sacka large bag made of a strong material.A sack of wheat fell down from the horse when it is stumbled.

18.6 Can you remember the characteristics of a story? If needed open page and have a look. One of the main characteristics of a story is ‘the theme of the story.’ Now, read the note in the following box and find out the major theme of the story ‘Four Friends’. Then explain it to the class.

তোমার পড়া গল্পের বৈশিষ্ট্যগুলোর কথা মনে আছে। যদি প্রয়োজন হয় তাহলে পৃষ্ঠা নং …… খোল। গল্পের একটি প্রধান বৈশিষ্ট্য হচ্ছে গল্পের বিষয়বস্তু। নিচের Box থেকে Note টি পড়ো এবং Four Friend’s গল্পের মূল বিষয়বস্তু খুজে বের করো। তারপর শ্রেণিতে এটাকে ব্যাখ্যা করো। EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2

Note:

In a story, you may find more than one theme. The key theme is the lesson that the author wants you to learn. The author doesn’t tell it in the story. You have to understand it. For that, you have to observe the characters, their activities and the results of their activities.

When you will write the theme of a story, remember the following things:

-You have to write a complete sentence, not a word.
-You cannot write any character’s name of the story.
-And finally, the theme of the story will be true for everyone.

For example, the theme of the story ‘A Liar Cowboy’ may be ‘If you lie you lose the trust of people.’

Now, let’s write!

You can start writing the theme of the story ‘Four Friends’ in the following way or you can start in your own way.

The key theme of the story ‘Four Friends’ is _________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Because in the story the main characters, the four friends_________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SOLUTION

The key theme of the story “Four Friends’ is brotherhood or fraternity that means living peacefully with everyone as if they are my brothers. Because in the story the main characters, the four friends, live in peace and harmony. Not only that, they also enjoy one another’s religious festivals. Now let’s write the theme to explain it to the class.

18.7 Think of 2/3 stories that you read already from any of your textbooks (e.g, Bengali, English, etc.) Then, write the name of the story and the key themes next to it in the table below.

তোমার পাঠ্য বইয়ের (বাংলা, ইংরেজি ইত্যাদি) ২/৩ টি গল্পের কথা মনে করো। তারপর গল্পের নাম ও বিষয়বস্তু নিচের সারণিতে লেখা ।

Name of the storyKey theme
1.

2.

3.

SOLUTION

Name of the storyKey theme
1. The garden
The key theme of the story is the importance of patience.
2. The Lion’s Mane

The key theme of the story is the importance of wisdom rather than appearance.
3. Shototar Puroshkar

The significance and reward of being truthful is the main theme here.

18.8 Suppose your school is going to publish the annual magazine. A notice is served to submit writings. Your class has decided to write a text on ‘How we can make our festivals more enjoyable by inviting all our friends.’ Now, in groups discuss the topic and start writing.

EIGHTEEN, FOUR FRIENDS 2 মনে করো তোমার বিদ্যালয় একটি বার্ষিক ম্যাগাজিন ছাপাতে যাচ্ছে। নোটিশ দেয়া হয়েছে লেখা জমা দেয়ার জন্য। তোমার শ্রেণির ছাত্র-ছাত্রীরা স্থির করেছে একটি Text লিখবে “সব বন্ধু-বান্ধবদেরকে দাওয়াত দিয়ে কিভাবে উৎসবগুলোকে আরো বেশী উৎসবমুখর করা যায়” । এখন দলে বিষয়টি আলোচনা করো এবং লেখা শুরু করো।

Remember that your writing should have-

1. A title

2. What fun activities you will do with your friends

3. Why you are thinking that if you all celebrate together it will be more enjoyable.

When you will finish writing, share it with the class.

SOLUTION

Making Festivals More Enjoyable

Bangladesh is a land of festivals. It is said that we have thirteen festivals in twelve months. Festivals are nothing but enjoying an event with full pleasure and vigor and it will be only possible with the presence of a lot of fellows. Without fellow mates any festival cannot be enjoyable. We may think about our next national festival 26th March. We can invite all of our teachers, guardians, and students.

There may be a number of programs to arrange. We will decorate the school campus with flags and colorful festoons. Then, we can arrange an open seminar session where distinguished guests and scholars will give lectures on our independence war. Lastly, there will be a cultural session where patriotic songs will be sung by invited and local singers. We can culminate the program with small snacks. However, if we invite all the students irrespective of religions, nations the program will be full of participants. The campus will have a festive look. Thus, we can make all such festivals more enjoyable by inviting all our friends.

18.9 Think of a festival that you are going to celebrate next. Then, decide on some of your friends whom you are going to invite to the festival. Now, write an invitation letter to them. In the letter, describe your plan of fun activities like sharing gifts, enjoying delicious food, visiting a special place etc. Also tell them why you want to celebrate the festival with all your friends.

Finally, give the letters to your friends. After the celebration of the festival, don’t forget to share the experience with the class.

এমন একটি উৎসবের কথা ভাব যা তুমি উদযাপন করতে যাচ্ছ। সিদ্ধান্ত নাও, কোন কোন বন্ধুদেরকে তুমি সেই উৎসবে দাওয়াত দিবে। এখন তাদেরকে একটি দাওয়াতপত্র লেখ। দাওয়াত পত্রে তোমার মজাদার পরিকল্পনার বর্ণনা দাও, যেমন উপহার আদান-প্রদান, মজার মজার খাবার খাওয়া এবং বিশেষ কোন স্থান ভ্রমণ করা। তাছাড়াও তাদেরকে বল কেন তুমি তোমার সব বন্ধুদেরকে নিয়ে উৎসবটি উদযাপন করতে চাও। সবশেষে বন্ধুদেরকে চিঠি দাও। উৎসবটি উদযাপনের পরে তোমার অভিজ্ঞতা শ্রেণিতে Share করতে ভুল না ।

You can write the invitation letter in the following way or your way.

Date:_____________________________

Dear friend/name of your friend,

I am very excited to tell you that________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________________.

Please, accept the invitation and______________________________________________________________.

Your friend
Your name

SOLUTION

Date: 02.06.2023
Dear Abdullah,
I am very excited to tell you that my family is going to celebrate Nabanno festival on 10th June in an impressive way. It is going to be impressive because we are inviting all of our paternal and maternal relatives. Your presence will add to our enjoyment. My mother will make various colourful and tasty pithas. My grandmother will cook a delicious traditional dish with domestic chicken. My father will buy a piece of new dress for everyone as a gift. I want to enjoy the event with full content. That is why. I am inviting all my friends.
Please, accept the invitation and come the day before the event, and make me happy thereby.
Your friend. 
Abdur Rahman

Read more :

এছাড়াও সকল বিষয়ের নমুনা উত্তর সমূহ পাওয়ার জন্য আমাদের ফেসবুক গ্রুপ জয়েন করে নাও ইউটিউব চ্যানেল সাবস্ক্রাইব করো এবং ফেসবুক পেজটি লাইক এবং ফলো করে রাখো। তোমার বন্ধুকে বিষয়টি জানানোর জন্য আমাদের ওয়েবসাইটটি তার খাতায় নোট করে দিতে পারো।

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